ডিজিটাল নিরাপত্তা আইন ২০১৮

ডিজিটাল নিরাপত্তা আইন ২০১৮

তথ্য ও প্রযুক্তি

তথ্য প্রযুক্তি আইনের ৫৪,৫৫,৫৬,৫৭,ও ৬৬ সহ মোট ৫টি ধারা বিলুপ্ত করে ১৮ সেপ্টেম্বর ২০১৮ তে, বাংলাদেশের সংসদে কন্ঠভোটে ডিজিটাল নিরাপত্তা আইন পাস হয়। এ আইনটি প্রস্তাবের গণমাধ্যমে এবং সামাজিক মাধ্যমের কর্মিসহ বিভিন্ন মহল তিব্র সমলাচনা করে। তাদের মতে ৫৭ ধারায় অপরাধের ধরনগুলো একসঙ্গে উল্লেখ ছিল, নতুন আইনে শুধু মাত্র সেগুলো বিভিন্ন ধারায় ভাগ করে দেওয়া হয়েছে। ৩২ ধারায় হয়রানির শিকার হতে পারে বলে আশঙ্কা করেন সাংবাদিকরা।

ইতিহাস

তথ্য ও যোগাযোগ প্রযুক্তি আইন প্রথম করা হয় ২০০৬ সালে। পরবর্তীতে ২০১৩ সালে শাস্তি বাড়িয়ে আইনটিকে আরও কঠিন করা হয়।

আইন

ডিজিটাল নিরাপত্তা আইন ২০১৮ এর আলোচিত সমলোচিত কিছু উল্লেখযোগ্য ধারা নিচে তুলে ধরা হলো:

১৭ ধারা অনুযায়ী: যদি কোন ব্যক্তি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ তথ্য পরিকাঠামোয় বেআইনি প্রবেশ করে ক্ষতিসাধন, বিনষ্ট বা অকার্য

করের চেষ্টা করে, তাহলে অনধিক সাত বছরের জেল; জরিমানা ২৫ লাখ টাকা। ক্ষতিসাধন করলে সর্ব্বোচ ১৪ বছরের কারাদন্ড । জরিমানা ১ কোটি টাকা।

১৮ ধারা অনুযায়ী:   ইলেক্ট্রনিক্স ডিভাইস, কম্পিউটার সিস্টেমে বেআইনে প্রবেশ বা সহায়তা করলে সর্ব্বোচ তিন বছরের কারাদন্ড। জরিমানা ১০ লাখ টাকা।

১৯ ধারা অনুযায়ী: বেআইনেভাবে যদি কোন ব্যক্তি কোন কম্পিটার বা কম্পিউটার সিস্টেম হতে কোন উপাত্ত, উপাত্ত ভান্ডার, তথ্য বা উপাত্তের অনুলিপি গ্রহন করেন, তাহলে ৭ বছরের কারাদন্ড; জরিমানা ১০ লাখ টাকা।

২০ ধারা অনুযায়ী: কম্পিউটার সোর্স কোড পরিবর্তন, ধ্বংস করলে সর্ব্বোচ তিন বছরের সাজা। জরিমানা ৩ লাখ টাকা।

সমালোচনা

এ আইন নিয়ে প্রথম থেকে সর্বস্তরের মহলে তীব্র সমলোচনার ঝড় বয়ে গিয়েছে। সম্পাদক পরিষদ এ আইনটি প্রত্যাখ্যান করেছে । তারা আইনের ৮,২১,২৫,২৮,২৯,৩১,৩২ ও ৪৩ ধারা নিয়ে আপত্তি জানায়। সাংবাদিক ইউনিয়ও আইনটি নিয়ে আপত্তি জানিয়েছে। যদিও আইনমন্ত্রী এ আপত্তিগুলোকে যৌত্তিক বলে জানেয়ে তা সংশোধনের আশ্বাস দিয়েছিলেন কিন্ত সংসদে কন্ঠ ভোটে পাস করা এ আইনে কার্যত কোন পরিবর্তন আসেনি।

প্রশাসনের পতিক্রিয়া

দশম জাতীয় সংসদের ২২ তম অধিবেশনের সমাপনী বক্তব্যে প্রধান মন্ত্রী শেখ হাসিনা বলেন এই আইনের বিরোধিতা শুধু মাত্র ব্যক্তি স্বার্থেই করা হচ্ছে। তিনি জানান, এই আইনের ফলে সাংবাদিকদের কন্ঠ রোধ হবে না। ২০ সেপ্টেম্বর বিলটি পাসের আগে জনমত জাচাই বাচাই প্রসঙ্গে ডাক টেলিযোগাযোগ ও তথ্য যোগাযোগ প্রযু্ক্তি মন্ত্রী মোস্তফা জাব্বার বলেন এই বিলটি পাসের জন্য নিজেকে সৌভাগ্যবান মনে করেছেন বলে সংসদে বলেন। তার মতে পৃথিবীর বহু দেশ এই আইনটি অনুসরন করবে।

তথ্যসূত্র

১. ডিজিটাল নিরাপত্তা আইন : দৈনিক যুগান্তর 

৩০ জানুুয়ারী ২০১৮

২. কি আছে ডিজিটাল নিরাপত্তা আইনে: দৈনিক যুগান্তর

২৪ সেপ্টেম্বর ২০১৮

৩. আমি গুপ্তচর: দৈনিক যুগান্তর

২৪ সেপ্টেম্বর ২০১৮

 

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